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India-US nuclear deal text released


India and the US have established the wording of their civilian nuclear technology deal, with key provisions on fuel supplies and safeguards.


India’s opposition Bharatiya Janata Party, which carried out nuclear tests when it was in the government in 1998, said that the wording, unveiled on Friday, was “unsatisfactory”.At the same time, Anil Kakodkar, India’s atomic energy commission chief, welcomed the deal, having previously expressed worry that it could stunt India’s military programme.The text of the agreement, which took two years to complete, tackles controversial issues such as the reprocessing of nuclear material.


The deal has also come under criticism from some Americans who worry it will stymie US anti-proliferation efforts, especially in Iran.








The deal will see the US share its nuclear
technology with India [EPA]
“In essence, India retains the right to test and the US has the right to respond”C Uday Bhaskar,
Institute for Defence Studies, New Delhi

The US Congress approved legislation in December that allowed US exports of civilian nuclear fuel and technology to India for the first time in 30 years, a move intended to reverse sanctions on India for its nuclear tests.


The operating agreement goes even further, allowing India to reprocess spent fuel under safeguards by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the UN nuclear watchdog.


C Uday Bhaskar, from New Delhi’s Institute for Defence Studies, said the agreement “respects the distinctive concerns that on nuclear issues that both sides”.


“It’s a very fine balance. In essence, India retains the right to test and the US has the right to respond,” he said.


“There’s no direct reference to a test. But the allusion is there. It allows a positive interpretation for both sides.”


Weapons tests


The US Atomic Energy Act calls for the US president to suspend nuclear co-operation when a country tests an atomic weapon.


But the text released on Friday makes no direct mention of testing and appears to sidestep the issue.


“The parties agree to consider carefully the circumstances that may lead to termination or cessation of cooperation,” said the statement.


The India-US deal runs for an initial term of 40 years but can be terminated by either party before that with a year’s notice and can be extended by 10-year periods.


The whole accord still has to win the approval of the US Congress and the Indian parliament.


Ağustos 3, 2007 - Posted by | Abd, America, Diğer, English, Genel, India, News, Nuclear Energy, Usa, World

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